Monday, 15 August 2011

“My coming out not in India’s interest”:Anuj Dhar

Bhagwanji had entered India in the 1950′s from Nepal with the help of Mahadeo Prasad Misra, a Sanskrit teacher working in Nepal.
Misra is no more, but many details on Bhagwanji’s early days in India are known to his grandson Rajkumar, 50, who grew up seeing Bhagwanji. These details are now part of the documentation that Mukherjee Commission has on the Netaji case.
The key figure, however, was Rajkumar’s mother Saraswati Devi who died in November 2000, little before she could depose before the Commission. Saraswati Devi served Bhagwanji from 1955, but it was only after his death in 1985, that she conceded Bhagwanji was indeed Netaji.
In 1955-56, Rajkumar and his widowed mother came to live with Misra, who was staying in a rented house at Sringar Nagar in Lucknow with Bhagwanji.
Soon, they moved to Neemsar, a place close to the Indo-Nepal border, where they took shelter in a run-down Shiva temple. It was here in April 1962 that Atul Sen, an associate of Netaji, met and recognised the leader in his disguise.
Sen returned to Kolkata soon after, and reported the matter to Indian National Army (INA) Secret Service agent Dr Pabitra Mohan Roy and historian Dr R C Majumdar.
Dr Pabitra Mohan Roy had on Netaji’s order undertaken a submarine journey from Burma to India to prepare the ground for INA’s assault on Kohima. However, he was caught and sentenced to death. The sentence was later commuted on Gandhiji’s request to the British.
During those days Dr Pabitra had worked closely with Netaji; whatever the circumstances, he could not have mistaken the leader for anyone else. So indeed, when the doctor met Bhagwanji in Neemsar, the former was convinced of the man who stood before him.
Later, in a letter written to Bhagwanji, the doctor acknowledged the leader: “…I wish to say something – your own words – ‘You are my intelligence officer – without fear or favour must… act.’ …I will have to tell you about myself – what exactly do I think of myself – Keeping in mind Ma Kaali, Bharatmata (Mother India) and your feet, with a firm mind… I can tell you that just like in the past, I have the same unflinching faith and unwavering obedience, total dedication and loyalty towards you and…I am determined to always remain so. Give me your blessings.”
In December 1962, Dr Pabitra took into confidence Leela Roy, one of Netaji close friends and ‘didi’ to all revolutionary freedom fighters. Leela Roy acted quickly and by January 1963 had established contact with Bhagwanji.
In March, she along with Dr Pabitra, Shaila Sen (identity unknown) and Samar Guha (Netaji’s follower who is 82) called on Bhagwanji, a meeting where Srikant Sharma , 93, was also present. Sharma was one of Bhawanji trusted men and he recalls Bhagwanji’s reluctance to meet Leela Roy. Bhagwanji sent word through Sharma: “My coming out is neither in the country’s interest nor in my interest.”
Later, Bhagwanji did meet Leela Roy, which a man close to her confirms on the conditions of anonymity.
Leela Roy remained a great source of help to him until her death in 1970. However, before she died, Leela Roy wrote to Netaji’s dearest friend Dilip Roy on September 7, 1963 (on Bhagwanji’s order): “I wanted to tell you something about your friend… he is alive – in India.”

Expert says Handwritings match:Anuj Dhar

B Lal, the expert appointed by to match Bhagwanji’s and Netaji’s handwritings, has concluded that they are of “common authorship”.
Among other things, Lal says:
There is “no evidence to show that the questioned (Bhagwanji’s) writing has been made by a writer other than SCB (Subhas Chandra Bose) by imitating/copying the writings of SCB”.
Bhagwanji tried to hide his identity but failed.
There are “…similarities in general and individual writing habits, …suggesting common authorship of questioned writings and admitted writings of SCB”.
While pointing to the lack of muscular control, sign of old age and slight tremor in some of the writings, Lal also observes “a reproduction of some peculiarities that even decades could not hide”. As examples, he points to the habit, both of Bhagwanji and Netaji, of using insertion marks to introduce words between sentences, over writing on letters and underlining and bracketing passages for emphasis, making strokes more prominent and writing letters in a certain combination.
Indeed, matching the samples was no easy task. Most of Bhagwanji’s handwriting samples were notes left on the margins of pages. Also, most of the writing samples belonged to the ’70s and ’80s, whereas the samples of Netaji’s writing were of pre-1943 years. To complicate matters, Bhagwanji had also written in upper case to disguise his hand.
Lal has 44 years of experience studying and analysing documents, both for the government and for private groups. Before retiring as Additional Director of National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Sciences, he was the Chief Government Examiner in Questioned Documents. (Lal will defend his report, if the Mukherjee Commission so demands.)
Handwriting analysis is admissible evidence in courts nowadays, and is as significant as fingerprint analysis. In fact, Mukherjee Commission visited Faizabad treasury on November 26, 2001, to collect samples for DNA and handwriting tests from Bhagwanji’s belongings preserved there. (The samples may reach the Commission’s Kolkata office in early May.)

Wednesday, 29 June 2011

The ideological development that Netaji sought has never materialised...

Like Turkey's Kemal Ataturk - a man he admired - Bose might well have produced a nation at once new, yet full of old virtues. This is best illustrated in his approach to women: he was not one for making strident feminist statements but, even on that submarine bringing him from Germany to Japan, he was busily telling Abid Hasan of the need to get Indian women to join the I.N.A., and how they would have to abandon their beloved sarees in order to do so. In south Asia he did get many immigrant women to join the I.N.A. - demonstrating that Indian feminism could be happily blended with the exigency of war.
The ideological development that Bose sought has never materialised. Like all national-liberation movements, the independent Congress was a coalition: of business seeking to oust British capital, of rural kulaks confident that native rulers would do more for them than alien ones, of various interest groups and of socialists aware that the Congress was the only party capable of furthering their ideas. Gandhi did suggest that the Congress should disband after independence, but this was clearly impossible: self-interest, if nothing else, ruled it out. Today almost all the major political groups in India- communists, socialists, free-enterprise capitalists, Gandhian socialists - trace their ancestry to the Congress: only the right-wing Hindu Jan Sangh can claim a different parentage.
Though he bravely maintained his independence from both the Germans and the Japanese - no mean feat - he deliberately avoided the wider implications of their awful philosophies. However, his argument that foreign help was required in order to drive the British out was justified by the events of 1945-6, and has been the bedrock of nearly all successful national-liberation movements since the. In this, at least, Bose was probably far ahead of his time. In our age, when a national-liberation movement's accepting foreign help from all and sundry is a common fact of life, the idea may seem of no great significance. In the early forties, for a subject non-white race even to think of any such thing was revolutionary indeed.
....'It is our duty,' Bose told his I.N.A., 'to pay for our liberty with our own blood. The freedom that we shall win through our sacrifice and exertions, we shall be able to preserve with our own strength.' ....."

Shocking Revelation of Justice Mukherjee

Some Videos worth to look at

A short video footage of the great leader

Bhagwanji's belongings ----by Anuj Dhar

Almost a year after Bhagwanji's death in 1985, the UP High Court had his belongings listed and sent to the Faizabad treasury.
The work on the inventory, which started on March 23, 1986, continued for one and a half years, at the end of which more than 2,700 items were listed and sealed in dozens of boxes. The court order came after Lalita Bose, MA Haleem (both are now dead) and Vishwa Bandhu Tiwari in a writ petition said that since the man could be Netaji, his belongings needed to be preserved. Earlier, the local administration had planned to auction them.
On November 26, 2001, the seals were broken before Justice Manoj Kumar Mukherjee, chairman of the one-man commission probing the disappearance of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. After the belongings were examined, a few articles were marked for handwriting and DNA sampling. The articles included, notes left behind in English, Bangla and Hindi, and teeth found in matchboxes.
The hermit's belongings, as listed in the inventory, can be grouped under the following heads (This list is incomplete):
General books in English
Books on politics and related subjects
Photographs of Netaji and people close to him
Documents on Netaji death mystery

Reader's Digest
The Pioneer
Times of India
Dainik Jagran
Amrit Prabhat
Probe India
The Illustrated Weekly of India
Hindustan Standard
Anand Bazar Patrika
Indian Observer
Indian Express
Swatantra Bharat Top  

General books in English
 A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens
The Works of Charles Dickens: The Authentic Edition-1
 The Works of Charles Dickens: The Authentic Edition-3
The Works of Charles Dickens: The Authentic Edition-4
The Works of Charles Dickens: The Authentic Edition-5
The Works of Charles Dickens: The Authentic Edition-15
The Works of Charles Dickens: The Authentic Edition-18
The Picwick Papers by Charles Dickens
Little Dorrit by Charles Dickens
Bleak House by Charles Dickens
Great Expectations by Charles Dickens
The Old Curiosity Shop by Charles Dickens
Hard Times by Charles Dickens
Christmas Stories by Charles Dickens
Our Mutual Friend by Charles Dickens
Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens
American Notes For General Circulation by Charles Dickens
Pictures From Italy by Charles Dickens
A Child's History of England by Charles Dickens
Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit by Charles Dickens
The Uncommercial Traveller by Charles Dickens
David Copperfield by Charles Dickens
Cheiro's Book of Numbers
Twentieth Century Dictionary
Complete Works of William Shakespeare
Gulliver's Travel by Jonathan Swift
The Odyssey by Homer
Carry on Jeeves by PG Wodehouse
Right Ho Jeeves by PG Wodehouse
The Inimitable Jeeves by PG Wodehouse
The Bermuda Triangle by Charles Berlitz
The Lesson of the History by Will and Ariral Durant
Flying Saucers Farewell by George Adamski
Life Beyond Death by Swami Abedanand
The Story of Civilization by Will and Durant Vol 1-10
Celebrated Crimes translated by IG Burnham
The Heart of Midlothian by Sir Walter Scott
The Hunch Back of Notre-Dame by Victor Hugo
Tropic of Cancer by Henry Miller
Richard II by Shakespeare
Winter's Tale by William Shakespeare
The Tragedy of King Lear by William Shakespeare
Othello by William Shakespeare
Macbeth by William Shakespeare
To Each Is a stranger: Agyaye (Translation)
Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll
Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll
Prometheus Bound / The Suppliants by Aeschylus
Homer's Iliad (Translation by Richmond Lattimore)
The Judge by Tara Shankar Banerjee (Translation)
Useful Plants of India and Pakistan by Z F Dastur
Medicinal Plants of India and Pakistan by Z F Dastur
Tomorrow and Tomorrow and Tomorrow by Aldous Huxley
The Sacred Rome
Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam by Omar Khayyam (Translation by Edward FitzGerald)
 Flying Saucers Have Landed - Leslie & Adamski
The World Eye by Lobson Rompad
Books on Politics and related subjects
 Dissentient Report by Suresh Bose
Jinnah and Gandhi- HK Majumdar
International Military Tribunal for the Far East: Dissentient Judgement of Justice Radha Binod Pal
Message of Subhas Chandra Bose: Suresh Chandra Bose
Vivekananad's Influence on Subhas: Nanda Mukherjee
Netaji Through German Lense: Nanda Mukherjee
India Wins Freedom: Maulana Azad
Netaji Ban Bandhu-Azad Hind Wa Bangladesh: Samar Guha
The History of the Freedom Movement in India Vo1 1-3: RC Majumdar
The Last Days of the British Raj: Leonard Mosley
Moscow's Hand in India: Peter Sengar (Underlined with comments)
Moscow's Shadow over West Bengal: Rajni Mukherjee
Freedom and After: Ravindra Nath
Jail Mein 30 Baras (30 years in prison): Trailokya Nath Chakrovarty
Nehru's Fatal Friendship: Sita Ram Goyal
Distant Neighbour: Kuldeep Nayyar
India's China War by Neville Maxwell
Charter of the United Nations
Between the Lines: Kuldeep Nayyar
India Critical Years: Kuldeep Nayyar
Himalayan Blunder by Brigadier JP Dalvi
The Gulag Archipelago by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Part 1, 3 and 4
Photographs of Netaji and people close to him
 A photograph of Janki Nath Bose and Prabhawati Bose framed in glass
A photograph framed in glass having a slip on which is written "father and mother"
A picture showing a young and an old person. Lalita Bose identified the young person as her uncle Subhas
A picture showing Pabitra Mohan Roy and his family
A picture showing people performing the shradh ceremony of Leela Roy
A picture showing Suresh Bose, former West Bengal Chief Minsiter Prafulla Chandra Sen and Samar Guha
A picture showing Suresh Bose garlanding picture of Leela Roy
A picture showing Trailokya Nath Chakrovarty garlanding a picture of Leela Roy
A picture showing a big picture of Subhas Bose that has been garlanded
A picture showing two rows of lamps. The caption says "deep sajja on the birthday of Netaji"
A picture showing some people playing band. Caption says "Birthday of Netaji-1973 band party"
A picture showing some girls blowing conchs. The caption says "Shanka Dhawani, Netaji Birthday"
A picture showing some people, including Pabitra Mohna Roy, performing yagna Top  
·Collectibles on Subhas Bose death mystery
 A collection of newspapers and magazines discussing to the proceedings and findings of Kholsa Commission
 A file of papers on Khosla Commission dated July 1971. One of the documents is a five-page letter in which the Government of India has been requested to produce 12 documents
 Notarised oath paper given to Khosla Commission by Dwijendra Nath Bose, a nephew of Subhas Bose
 Invoice for Prof Samar Guha's book "Netaji: Dead or Alive"
 Original summons sent to Suresh Bose by Khosla Commission
 A news report in "Daily Monitor" of 30.5.70 titled 'Mary Taylor's sensational Confession' where a British woman speaks of her father who thought Subhas Bose to be alive
 Series of articles in "Anand Bazar Patrika" written by Barun Sen Gupta from 25 September to 22 October, 1974. Titled "Was Taihoku plane crash planned?," the series refers to Leela Roy's visit to Neemsar to meet a hermit
Bangla magazine "Amrita" containing an essay by Dwijendra Nath Bose on Netaji's disappearance
A copy of "Times of India", Delhi, 26 October 1982 containing article "Soviet Scholars revise opinion of Netaji"
A copy of "The India Observer" of 2 October 1964 containing article "Netaji in exile"
A copy of "Swatantra Bharat" of 13 March 1978 containing report on claims of Samar Guha that Subhas Bose was alive
Copies of "Jugantar" of 8 August 1977 and "Statesman" of 20 August 1977 containing reports on Transfer of Power volumes that had extracts of secret documents on Subhas Bose's death
Other interesting objects
 Empire Corona Typewriter (Made in England)
A broken ivory smoking pipe and pipe cleaners
 Gillette safety razor (Made in England)
 One lead pencil fitted with a torch
 Magnifying glass (Made in Switzerland)
 One Rolex wrist watch
 One Omega gold wrist watch
 One chronometer
One large Tricolour
 A pair of 16X56 German binoculars
Records of K L Saighal, Nazrul Geet, Bismillah Khan's shahnai, and Ravi Shankar's ragas
Records of Netaji's voice issued by Netaji Research Bureau
 Two LP record of Qazi Nazrul Islam in the voice of Rabindra Nath Tagore
Philips Super FM automatic frequency controlled transistor
 12 Hitachi compact cassettes
 National Panasonic tape recorder


Bhagwanji said: "I am Subhas" --- By Anuj Dhar

There had been at least four known occasions when Bhagwanji said he was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
People before whom he spoke are alive and include his Faizabad landlord, Gurbasant Singh, and doctor, Priyabrat Banerjee. However, a big proof of it is in a letter he wrote to a man called Prasad. (The letter was not posted, and hence, was found among Bhagwanji's belongings preserved in the Faizabad treasury since 1987.)
In the seven-page letter, Bhagwanji says he has no more links to his past life, and he is dead to family and friends. In a reference to the Shah Nawaz Khan Committee and the Khosla Commission of Inquiry, he says there is "no point in constituting loaded dice commissions to find out what happened to him…" He says, "…his death is …an impregnable mystery…"
Two inferences are also thrown up in his remarks on a Gujarati businessman, Manu Bhai Bhimani's resume, which, evidently, Netaji's nephew Sisir Bose had verified:
Bhagwanji addresses Sarat Bose, Netaji's elder brother, as 'mejda'.

He refutes Bhimani's claim on a plan that few people apart from Netaji himself would have known.
Bhimani had supported Netaji as Congress president in 1939-40.
Dr Priyabrat Banerjee, who took over from his father as Bhagwanji's physician, in an interview with, recalls a family get-together at Bhagwanji's house in 1975, when the latter said: "Dekho to, kahi main Subhas Chandra Bose to nahi hoon?" (Look, am I not Subhas Chandra Bose?) When the senior Dr T Banerjee persisted, Bhagwanji said: "Hoon!" (Yes, I am he!)
Bhagwanji also said: "Despite having a nation I have none, despite having a home I am homeless, despite having a people, I have no one…"
Durga Prasad Pandey, who was Netaji's companion for many years, also recalls a meeting in 1967 when Bhagwanji said: "Take me to be Netaji if you will."
Pandey had earlier written to Bhagwanji asking him to reveal his true identity. In his reply, the latter had said: "I am a bonafide dashnamme sanyasi (saint with 10 names), and, you well know, that, a man under the Holy Orders incurs civil death according to the civil law. And a sanyasi is dead to his former life…"
When Pandey persisted, he was allowed to see and talk to Bhagwanji. Pandey had seen Netaji from close quarters in 1939, and so, he insists he could not have mistaken the leader, despite the old age and long beard.
Bhagwanji's landlord at Faizabad, Gurubasant Singh, also remembers an interview during which the former said his mission was to see India free, and since the task was achieved, he had taken sanyas (renounced his worldly life). Many rumours were afloat then that Bhagwanji was Netaji, and Gurubasant had sought an interview to verify them.
Srikant Sharma, who was among the few to have met Bhagwanji face-to-face, says the latter told him many personal things about Netaji, Leela Roy and also about the great escape from Kolkata to Berlin in 1941, details of which are known to very few.
Sharma is a deponent before the Justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry probing Netaji's disappearance.


Mysterious monk:Gumnami Baba/Bhagwanji/Dashnamee Sannyasi--Source:Wikipedia

Several people believed that the Hindu sanyasi named Bhagwanji or
'Gumnami Baba', who lived in the house Ram Bhawan in Faizabad, Uttar
Pradesh at least until 1985, was Subhas Chandra Bose . There had been
at least four known occasions when Gumnami Baba reportedly claimed he
was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.[7] The belongings of the sanyasi were
taken into custody after his death, following a court order. These
were later subjected to inspection by the Justice Mukherjee Commission
of Inquiry. The commission came down against this belief, in the
absence of any "clinching evidence".[8] The independent probe done by
the Hindustan Times into the case however provided hints that the monk
was Bose himself.[9] Some people believe that Gumnami Baba died on 16
September 1985, while some dispute this. The story of Gumnami Baba
came to light on his death. It is alleged that he was cremated in the
dead of night, just under the light of a motorcycle's headlamp, at
Faizabad's popular picnic spot, on the bank of River Saraju, his face
distorted by acid to protect his identity. Faizabad's Bengali
community still pays homage at the memorial built at his cremation
site on the anniversary of his birth. However, the life and activities
of Bhagwanji remain a mystery even today.

Justice Mukherjee's inadvertent approval of Bhagwanji's identity
Justice Manoj Kumar Mukherjee who probed into the disappearance of
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose stated in his report that the question of
whether the sanyasi of Faizabad (Bhagwanji) was (or not) Bose "need
not be answered" as there was no clinching evidence to prove it.
However, he inadvertently stated in a documentary shoot that he
believed Bhagwanji was none other than Bose.[10] This revelation
supports the view that Bose had not died in the plane crash in 1945,
and was in fact in India after that.[11]

About Bhagwanji
Bhagwanji, also known as Gumnami Baba, was a mysterious Indian monk
who in 1985 lived at Ram Bhawan in Faizabad, near Ayodhya in Uttar
Pradesh. Till date, his real identity and activities remain obscure. A
great number of people maintain that he was the Indian freedom fighter
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, living incognito. People who support such
a stand challenge the death of Subhas Chandra Bose in a plane crash in
1945. It is said that Bhagwanji had an uncanny resemblance to Netaji
Bose.[1] Some people believe that Bhagwanji died on 16 September 1985,
while some dispute this.
There had been at least four known occasions when Bhagwanji reportedly
claimed he was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose himself.[2] Handwriting
analysis expert and former Additional Director of the National
Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, Dr B. Lal deposed
before the Justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry that probed into
the disappearance of Netaji, that the handwritings of Bhagwanji and
Bose did match.[3][4] However, the commission did not accept the claim
that Bhagwanji was Bose, for want of any clinching evidence. At the
same time, the commission also rejected the official view of the
Indian government that Bose died in 1945. In light of the commission's
rulings, the obscurity left behind by Bhagwanji makes enough reason
for a debate even today.

Tuesday, 28 June 2011


One has to rub one's eyes many times to read and then to believe what Shri Jain told the Khosla Commission. Can the evidence of Shri Jain be relied upon? It appears as unthinkable that Pandit Nehru could stoop down so low to ask Mr. Attlee to see that "their war criminal Bose" was buried alive in Russia. But from the circumstantial facts the testimony of Jain cannot be discarded as a figment of any ugly imagination.

1. The British Intelligence affirmed that Pandit Nehru received a secret communication from Netaji and Jain confirmed it further without knowing anything about this secret report.
2. Col. Tada, one of the principal architects of Netaji's escape plan confided to S.A. Iyer in 1951 that the Japanese agreed to make necessary arrangements to convey Netaji to Russian territory across the border of Manchuria.
3. Neither the Government Counsel appearing before the Inquiry Commission, nor Mr. Khosla either challenged or refuted the veracity of Jain's testimony.
4. Most of the secret files about Netaji, that were maintained by Pandit Nehru himself as "P.M.'s special" files, one of which included all communications connected with INA Defense Committee, were reported by the Government as "either missing or destroyed". It will not be easy to presume that Netaji's communication to Nehru and a copy of Nehru's letter to Attlee have also been destroyed.
5. Pandit Nehru's attitude toward Netaji completely changed after he met Mountbatten at Singapore in 1946. Late Amritlal Seth, former editor of the Gujarati Daily Janmabhumi, who accompanied Nehru during his visit to Singapore told late Sarat Chandra Bose immediately after his return from Singapore that Panditji was warned by the British Admiral that, according to his report, 'Bose' did not die in the alleged air crash and if Nehru played up too high with the legends of Bose and demands for re-absorption of the INA in the Indian Army, he would be taking the risk of presenting India on a platter to Bose when he reappeared.
6. The report of Amritlal Seth is corroborated by two facts. On arrival at Singapore Pandit Nehru was given a rousing reception by the INA there, when Panditji agreed to their request to place a wreath on the INA Martyr Monument, which was demolished under orders from Mountbatten immediately after British re-occupation of Singapore...Strangely, next day, Nehru refused to attend the INA Martyr Memorial ceremony organized at Singapore. About three decades later, Mountbatten boastfully stated in the 'Nehru Oration' speech that Nehru acted very compliantly on his advice regarding the treatment about the INA.
7. After his return from Singapore, Nehru never uttered a word about Netaji for over a decade even after he became the Prime Minister of India. Till fifties, AIR was instructed not to cover any special talk on Netaji or broadcast any news about Netaji's birthday, exceeding a few minutes. All army barracks were prohibited from displaying any portrait of Netaji and this ban-order continued for years even after withdrawal of the British Power.
8. After coming to power, Pandit Nehru got all the secret British reports which informed the Wavell Government that Bose reached Russia, but as Prime Minister of India he never inquired anything publicly about these reports from the Russian Government.
9. Nehru all along opposed any demand of a full-fledged judicial inquiry about the Netaji mystery and appointed Shah Nawaz Committee mainly for the purpose of scuttling the move for a non-official inquiry about Netaji under the chairmanship of Dr. Radha Benode Pal.
Thus, Nehru's changed attitude lends credence to the testimony of Shyamlal Jain.

Netaji was alive @1979!!!!!!:Source--Hindustan Times

Some important info around Netaji's dissapearance:Source--Internet

Researcher Professor Purabi Roy and her fellows, who have estimated the worth of INA funds and who are prominent deponent before the Mukherjee commission, have some light to throw on the issue. But Report of Mukherjee commission is totally rejected by Congress led Govt. without giving any reason. Congress ally CPM also suspects congress move and wants the discussion in the parliament on the Report.

Threatening to Researchers

Did Netaji really die in the 1945 plane crash? Incredibly hard facts have now emerged from Moscow vaults. Netaji was in fact very much alive till at least 1946 one full year after his supposed "death". Russian archives had yielded two precious documents. The first concerned a discussion that Joseph Stalin had with his defense minister Voroschilov and foreign affairs minister Molotov in 1946. The second was a report filed by a Soviet field agent stationed in India, also in 1946.

One more British archive document also states that the entire theory of the plane crash, in Taihuku (Japan), was pre-planned and contrived. In fact as late asDecember 20, 1945, a Japanese newspaper even reported that Bose was on his way to the Soviet Union and passed through Tokyo.

A Soviet agent named V G Sayadyants who was based in Mumbai reported home that "Bose is the only hope for Soviet Russia,"

The new findings are based on declassified documents in the Russian military archives in Paddolsk, and from the British archives. They were discovered by three researchers-Purabi Ray, Hari Vasudevan and Shobanlal Dutta Gupta-working on the history of communist movement in India. The plot has thickened even deeper with the admission by these researchers that they have been receiving threatening calls from unidentified persons asking them to suspend all further inquiries and end the government-funded research. Fear for security led the work on the project to be stopped shortly, around the middle of 2000. For Details:

Why Mukherjee Commission Report rejected?

Congress does not want the nation to know Jawaharlal Nehru's actions and role in betraying Netaji. The previous two Commissions: Shah Nawaz Committee and the Khosla Commission were appointed by the Congress government. For bringing truth BJP let NDA Govt. appointed Mukherjee Commission.

“I saw Netaji alive after his alleged plane crash” is disclosed by Capt Abbas Ali, an old INA freedom fighter.  

“It was ‘unbelievable’ that Netaji died in an air crash” said by Suresh Chandra Bose elder brother of Subhash C.Bose. He deposing before the Khosla Commission charged Mr Shah Nawaz Khan with "playing Netaji false"

Deposing before the Khosla Commission, Dr Satyanarayan Sinha said Colonel Habibur Rehman had confessed to him at Patna in 1946 that he had had told a lie when he said that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died in a plane crash in Taipeh on August 18, 1945

Killing of Netaji files by Congress Governments

Most of the secret files about Netaji, that were maintained by Pandit Nehru himself as "P.M.'s special" files, one of which included all communications connected with INA Defense Committee, were reported by the Indira Gandhi Government as "either missing or destroyed". It will not be easy to presume that Netaji's communication to Nehru and a copy of Nehru's letter to Attlee have also been destroyed. These files were dealt with by the personal secretary of Pt Nehru - Mohmd Yunus.

Shyamlal jain, the confidential steno of the INA Defense Committee, in the course of his deposition, made a shocking revelation about Nehru's attitude toward Netaji,”Later Nehru asked me to type a letter on his letterhead. Mr.Nehru addressed that letter to Mr.Clamment Attlee the then PM of Britain, in which Mr.Attlee was informed about the contents of that hand written note regarding Mr.Subhash entry into Russian territory.
"I solemnly affirm and state on oath that thereafter Shri Jawaharlal Nehru gave me four papers from his writing pad to make four copies of a letter, which he would dictate to me on typewriter, which I also complied. The contents of the letter, as far as I could remember, were as follows

Dear Mr. Attlee:
I understand from a reliable source that Subhas Chandra Bose, your war criminal, has been allowed to enter Russian territory by Stalin. This is a clear treachery and betrayal of faith by the Russians. As Russia has been an ally of the British-Americans, it should not have been done. Please take note of it and do what you consider proper and fit.
Yours sincerely,
Jawaharlal Nehru.

Col. Tada

Col. Tada, one of the principal architects of Netaji's escape plan confided to S.A. Iyer in 1951 that the Japanese agreed to make necessary arrangements to convey Netaji to Russian territory across the border of Manchuria.

Late Amritlal Seth, editor ‘Janmabhumi’

Late Amritlal Seth, former editor of the Gujarati Daily Janmabhumi, who accompanied Nehru during his visit to Singapore told late Sarat Chandra Bose immediately after his return from Singapore that Panditji was warned by the British Admiral that, according to his report, 'Bose' did not die in the alleged air crash and if Nehru played up too high with the legends of Bose and demands for re-absorption of the INA (Azad Hind Fauz) in the Indian Army, he would be taking the risk of presenting India on a platter to Bose when he reappeared.

Journey of Gold-Diamond loaded Trunks:

What happened after August 18 remains shrouded in mystery. While conducting her research in Moscow and England Professor Purabi Roy pursued a war time major of MI5 who had snooped around Bose. Roy met the agent in Oxford and he told her that a huge amount of 'INA money' was handed over to Lord Mountbatten and a senior Congress leader in Singapore, and that is the key to Bose's disappearance (and the subsequent reluctance to unravel the mystery) could be solved to a great extent by ascertaining the route that the funds travelled." Read full story at:

Azad Hind Bank

Captain Wadhera sought to know the whereabouts of the huge wealth that was collected by Netaji for the freedom struggle and deposited in the Azad Hind Bank, which was specially opened to prevent misuse of cash and ornaments donated by Indians to strengthen the hands of the INA in its freedom struggle.

Recalling the events from his INA days, Captain Wadhera disclosed that a big rally was organized by the Indian Independence League at Singapore to welcome Netaji. “As the huge gathering of Indians in Singapore garlanded Netaji, nearly a truckload of garlands accumulated there”, he said.

After thanking the gathering, Netaji announced that he would like to auction the garlands that had been put around his neck.

“The bid started with Rs 1 lakh (in 1943 it was more than rupees fifty lakh of today). The first garland was auctioned for Rs 1 crore and 3 lakh, which was purchased by a Muslim industrialist of Malaya, Habibur Rehman. Later he volunteered his services to join the movement. The women offered their valuables and gold ornaments. Total collections at this auction were about Rs 25 crore”, Captain Wadhera nostalgically recalls”.


If you read above, then you may read following also:

No one should dare to deny some facts which have been already in public domain.

Journey of gold laded Truck:
“10 metric tons of bullion means two-hundred wooden crates, each containing four 12.5kg gold bars, were loaded onto a Mercedes wheat truck with just one driver for the furtive drive from Baghdad to Amman,Jordan passing through airports in IndiaLondon and Hong Kong before being reprocessed at Perth Mint and sold off in small bars and coins.” Hero of this real drama is Myles T Stott.
Italian businessman Ottavio Quattrocchi is a good friend of Gandhi family.
Quattrocchi received bofors kickbacks through Myles Stott of AES based in London. Please read full news story at:

Mukherjee Commission submitted its report on November 8, 2005. The government sat on it for six months, then tabled it in Parliament on May 17, 2006, when it also rejected the report. Why such late in tabling the report?
Basically, the commission’s findings are the following:
(1). Netaji did not die in the August 1945 Taipei plane crash as reported.
 (2) The ashes at Tokyo’s Renkoji temple are not his.
 (3) The story of the crash was a trick to help him escape, and the Japanese and Taiwanese governments knew about it.
 (4) The Indian government suppressed a report by the Taiwanese government which stated this in 1956.
 (5) Netaji is now dead.

By Premendra Agrawal

Find the killer of Netaji

British Prime Minister Clements Attlee decided ‘Let him remain where he (Subhash C. Bose) is now’. This decision was taken in October 1945. It clearly indicates that he was alive even in Oct 1945.
Netaji was reported to be alive even after 1945 by the British intelligence from Teheran and Kabul quoting the Russian embassy officials. This was even stated in the Shah Nawaz commission report (File No. 10/ Mis/ INA-pp 38, 39).

In 1946, Gallacher, a British communist party worker publicly criticised the then Irish President D’ Valera for welcoming Netaji in Doublin! D’ Valera didn’t deny this. He visited India after 1946 and even commented publicly ‘I expected to meet Bose here’!

The British intelligence has reported that Nehru knew where Netaji was. Nehru took the Foreign Affairs portfolio himself and appointed none other than Vijayalekshmi Pandit as the ambassador to Russia!

After her term was over, Dr S.Radhakrishnan became the representative toRussia. Dr Saroj Das of Calcutta University told his friend Dr R.C.Muzumdar that Radhakrishnan had told him that Netaji was in Russia.

Former Indian ambassador Dr Satyanarayana Sinha once met Goga, the son of Abani Mukherjee, a revolutionist in the Russian communist party; who told him that his father and Netaji were prisoners in adjacent cells in Siberia. He also told Sinha that Netaji had assumed the name ‘Khilsai Malang’ there.

The most shocking of all information it contained was that Netaji had posted a letter from Russia to Nehru, telling that he wished to come back and he also asked Nehru to make amendments for his come back!

You may confirm this from the parliamentary records from 3rd August 1977; and the files published by the British government.

As reported in every newspaper at that time, daughter of Stalin Swetlana said in Delhi that Netaji was in Siberia’s yarkutaskjail. She also gave barrack No. also.

Speaking to the Hindu, Prof. Guha lent evidence to the view that Subhash Chandra Bose died in a Soviet Prison. He noted that Joseph Stalin was crueler than Adolf Hitler’.

Netaji's death certificate

Disappearence of Netaji Subhash Chandra bose:Truth behind his An NGO Launched towards bringing classified documents on BOSE. ^ | 7 th Aug 2005 | Anuj dhar

The real fact
It's amazing how Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose continues to be in news 60 years after his disputed death. In a way, this has been in defiance of successive Indian governments who would rather the people sidelined him as they did. A recent BBC online poll put named Bose the third greatest-ever leader in South Asia after Jinnha and Gandhi. Strikingly, as per the same poll, the stalwarts like Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi and the inimitable Atal Bihari Vajpayee don't even blip on the radar anymore.
The coming months will see Subhas making a comeback of a sort. India's longest running political controversy is heading towards its grand finale. For five years the media and the lawmakers in India have adopted a touch and go sort of approach towards the inquiry of Justice MK Mukherjee into the "death" of Subhas Bose. Not any longer. The Commission, formed in 1999 following a Court order, is gearing up to present its report by November. The Government will have to present it in Parliament along with an action taken report. All those of you who have interest in either politics, or history, or intrigue, or mystery better watch out: It doesn't get any bigger than this.
Psst ...Top Secret!
Let this impression be trashed at the outset that the Netaji mystery belongs to a different era. No doubt it started in 1945; but it has been simmering till date. The controversy is a bombshell and that's what the official records hint at. Netaji is supposed to have died at the end of second world war, and yet the Indian Government continues to sit on files about him. And they are wary of approaching the British and Russian Governments to release the papers they are keeping to themselves.
But why so much of precaution over some details about a man who ceased to be a problem to his adversaries in and outside India decades back? This is for you Gen-X dudes: Some of the classified Netaji files maintained by the Government of India are of mid-1990s vintage! That is, post-Rajiv Gandhi period. Perish the idea ... "Oh, such an old story, what is the fuss now!" The Government of India wouldn't agree. They think there is something about Netaji that can spell big time trouble even now. That's why they refused to hand over several Top Secret files to the Mukherjee Commission. Why would they be doing so? Well, in the case of two Narasimha Rao period files, they reasoned that the "disclosure of the nature and contents of these documents would ... hurt the sentiments of the people at large and may evoke wide-spread reactions .... Diplomatic relations with friendly countries may also be adversely affected if the said documents are disclosed."
Should not we demand to know what these documents have to say? How on earth can some bits about a dead man affect India's relations with other countries? Should not we ask our Government to state facts? Don't we have a right to know what happened to the man who liberated us?
Pre-conceived notions
It's cynicism exemplified when people say, "How long can we go on inquiring?" If Americans, for instance, were to be besotted with same defeatist thinking, they would not have become the great power they are today. Indeed they don't give up. How can one leave out in cold those who fought for one's country? Only last year the US Government asked the Indian Government to help them trace out their missing WWII airmen. Netaji went missing while waging war for freedom for us and we don't want to know what happened to him! What is it if not brazen ungratefulness?
Those who dismissively say that "there have been commissions after commissions" have no idea what sort of frauds were played on the nation by the previous "commissions". In 1956, Shah Nawaz Khan, a Congress MP and a secretary to then Railway Minister, headed a committee -- a puppet on a string, actually. There are reasons to believe that he did what he was told by the Nehru government. Shah Nawaz was made a minister after this "command performance". GD Khosla, who headed a commission in early 1970s, was a friend of Nehru's to start with. He wrote the biography of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi even as he inquired into Netaji's disappearance. Can you imagine such things happening now? Both these panels declared that Netaji had died in a plane crash in Taiwan. Never mind that they did not bother to know what the Taiwan Government thought, much as people wanted them to.
"But the issue is dead!" Ok, for argument's sake, if that be the case, it is going to COME ALIVE. A Commission of Inquiry headed by a former judge of the Supreme Court of India is going to hand over a report to Home Minister Shivraj Patil, who, at the moment, doesn't seem to be at ease with the direction the Commission is heading to. The report will have to be discussed by the Union Cabinet before being presented in Parliament for a free for all debate. It is inevitable that Netaji mystery will become a hot topic.
Perplexing past
Funny how people jump to conclusions. "My grandfather was in the INA and he said Netaji died and therefore I believe so." This is how some give their verdict on the issue the nation is debating for 6 decades. If only it were that easy. There were over 50,000 people aligned with the Provisional Government of Free India and only a handful knew what happened to Netaji in his last known days. The rest were in as much dark as the Indians back home. They all heard stories ... Netaji died or Netaji escaped. The truth, or inkling of it, came out after interrogations and inquiries, whose reports are not wholly in public domain.
On August 25, 1945 the Indian newspapers broke the news that Netaji had died in a freak plane crash in Taipei (then Taihoku) on August 18th. He had been flying to Tokyo to work out the INA's surrender when this happened. The British would believe none of it. Viceroy Archibald Wavell noted in his diary on 23 August that "I wonder if the Japanese announcement of Subhas Chandra Bose's death in a air-crash is true. I suspect it very much, it is just what should be given out if he meant to go underground.…" They dispatched their crack intelligence teams to South East Asia. The findings were bewildering. Netaji was not heading to Tokyo. Months before the world war staggered to a halt, he'd begun planning a new chapter of his war on colonialism. He saw the Cold War coming and reached out to the USSR. The British intelligence got clear information that Subhas was going to Russia at the time of his death. The Japanese had given out a false story about his destination. The survivors of the crash were rounded up and records were captured. The pictured that emerged was of deceit. Eyewitnesses were found to be lying and records appeared as if they had been planted.
Americans chipped in with help. In fact it were they who had the best knowledge. They reached Taiwan in September 1945 and guess what they found. " ... there is no direct evidence that Subhas Chandra Bose was killed in a airplane crash … despite the public statements of the Japanese to that effect." This, stated the State Department, ten months after Netaji's "death". What really happened? "The D.I.B. during his recent visit to London mentioned the receipt ... of information to the effect that Subhas Bose was alive in Russia." This is from a May 1946 report and D.I.B. means, Director of Intelligence Bureau Sir Norman Smith.
The Government of free India knew about the Soviet connection to the Netaji mystery. But all they did was to dilly-dally and state that no inquiry was required. It took ten years of pressure before Prime Minister Nehru agreed to inquire into the matter. This must be hammered: The Government never wanted to probe Netaji's fate. From Shah Nawaz to Justice Manoj Mukherjee, each time they were forced to. Isn't it revolting?
Present Perfect
Thank God for Mukherjee Commission! Or shall we thank Mikhail Gorbachev? The fall of the USSR brought the Netaji issue out. In mid-1990s the Russians themselves began saying that Subhas was with them after his death. The matter reached India and the press did rake it up. But Narasimha Rao, with Pranab Mukherjee in tow, would not say a thing. A patriotic fellow moved to Calcutta High Court and the court found the matter to be wide open for inquiry. The Government was chided and told to form a Commission of Inquiry to find out where and how Netaji had died. Mercifully, at the time the verdict came, the NDA was in power.
The inquiry of the Mukherjee Commission in past five years has been path breaking. They have found out, among other things, that the Government of India, at the PMO level, indulged in systematic, unlawful destruction of evidence concerning the Netaji death case. The Government did not want any inquiry in Taiwan, which is precisely what Justice Mukherjee did. The result: the ROC Government ruled out the very occurrence of the crash we had been told over the decades had killed Netaji.
Indian Government also did not want any inquiry in Russia; but that is happening now. Hurrah! After much pulls and pressures, the Mukherjee Commission will visit Russia from September 20 onwards. However, that's not a good enough development. The Government's last communication to the Commission suggests that they won't do anything to help the Commission access security and intelligence related classified papers in Russia, said to be containing definite information about Netaji's "post-death" life. Time has come for us, the people of India, to demand from our Government something that they should have done decades back on their own: For God's sake, request the Head of the Russian Government to state facts. This will be our redemption. The people of India must know what happened to their liberator.

Questions about Netaji mystery you always wanted to

In an upcoming documentary on Subhas Chandra Bose, Justice Manoj Kumar Mukherjee has been shown to make a comment which has given a new twist to the debate that has been going on since his report was rejected by the central government.
The former Supreme Court judge, who was tasked in the first part of the decade with finding the truth about Bose's disappearance, has been captured on camera saying that he "strongly believes" that Bhagwanji of Faizabad was Subhas Bose in disguise.
This divergence between private belief and public verdict has been taken up as the stick to beat down the whole inquiry of six years by people with vested interests and those who stand to gain in any way from propagating a premeditated view. Added is the silence of those who till other day were swearing by Mukherjee's historic report.
As a result, half-truths and lies are being thrown around to confuse people. Many of them are being directed to Mission Netaji members who have for some time made attempts to resolve the issue rather than complicate it by getting into useless arguments.
It's about that this issue was addressed squarely and in a structured manner. Here, we attempt to answer some of the frequently asked questions about Bose mystery.
Q: Who's Justice Manoj Kumar Mukherjee?
A: A former Supreme Court judge and eminent criminal law expert, he was appointed as the chairman of Justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry (JMCI) in 1999. His name was recommended by then Chief Justice of India. Mukherjee's inquiry was lauded by all those who had stakes in the matter in any way. He conducted his inquiry strictly in accordance with the Commission of Inquiry Act and the terms and reference assigned by the Central Government. At a press conference in Kolkata on 26 May 2006, no less than 43 members of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's family praised Justice Mukherjee's efforts. Their joint statement said:
We, the overwhelming majority in the Bose family, deeply appreciate the arduous efforts that Mr Justice MK Mukherjee and his team in the Commission have made for seven years...we admired the way Mr Justice Mukherjee conducted himself in public hearing. Approaching delicate issues in an objective manner, he rigorously sought evidence for any statement made before him. Nobody can question either his competence or his integrity.
Q: I know about that commission. It was set up by the BJP government.
A: The formation of Mukherjee Commission was not a political decision, for a start. This inquiry came into existence following an order of the Calcutta High Court in 1998. The court also framed the scope of its inquiry. The ruling from the bench of Chief Justice Prabha Shankar Mishra came after the government counsel repeated the official Government of India's view of 20 years about Netaji's reported death. That is: There are doubts about the death story and that there is a need to probe the matter. A core team of Atal Bihari Vajpayee Government, comprising Brijesh Mishra, L K Advani and Home Secretary Kamal Pande -- agreed with the court's views - something that the dispensation that we now have would not have given the history of the matter.
Q: I have a friend who says this Bose mystery is a useless issue.
A: No person of consequence in his right senses has ever said that publicly. In any case, one is free to say whatever one likes. We Indians are not known for a great sense of history. There have been many controversies, but why is that the Bose mystery has endured for such a long time. The bottom line is that even the current government regards the issue as a matter of public importance. They formally stated that before Central Information Commission during the hearing a declassification case initiated by Mission Netaji. This is one aspect the government cannot run away from.
Q: He also says that we should be celebrating Netaji's life rather than wondering what happened to him.
A: It emerges that those who talked about celebrating Netaji's life did little to preserve his legacy in free India. If today we have a portrait of Bose in Parliament [it did not come about so long as Congress was in power] or that we have the INA veterans listed as freedom fighters [they were treated most unfairly in free India], it is due to the efforts of late Prof Samar Guha -- a key player in Netaji mystery. In our times, it is not the self proclaimed admirers of Netaji's life and times who have queried the records the Government has no business to keep secret. It seems such people want to let everything remain under wraps - that's why they neither make any attempt to seek information and nor do they support the efforts of others who invariably happen to be mystery buffs like us.
Q: Is Justice Mukherjee related to the BJP, government or Subhas Bose family in any way?
A: Not that we know. But it is pertinent to recall that the heads of two previous inquires were close to government. Former INA man and Congress MP Shah Nawaz Khan, a closer relative of actor Shah Rukh Khan, was made a minister after he gave his report supporting the view of Pandit Nehru government. G D Khosla, who headed a most controversial commission in the 1970s, was a friend of Nehru's. His report poured unwarranted scorn on Bose, INA and their Japanese benefactors. Justice Mukherjee, in strike contrast, limited his inquiry just to find out the fate of Bose in strict accordance with evidence.
Q: There are members of Netaji's family say that he died in a crash and that Mukherjee inquiry was a waste of time or something like that.
A: It is their words which are a waste of time, unless ofcourse you fancy flowery English. There is a minuscule but media savvy section of Bose family -- with Congress connection -- which has been supporting the air crash theory. However, their words ring hollow for simple reason that when they were called to make their case before Mukherjee Commission, they wrote that they knew nothing. But after the Commission report came out they got active.
Q: Netaji's daughter says that he died in the air crash.
A: There are people who know better than her. Like her late mother, who till her last believed that he was in the USSR. That's why she foiled the governmental effort -- spearheaded by Pranab Mukherjee -- to bring the so-called Bose's ashes to India. This matter has been brought on record by Netaji's relatives. In fact, none of Netaji's siblings believed that he died in the so-called air crash.
Q: So what did Mukherjee report say?
A: It rejected the official view that Netaji had died in an air crash, suggesting that he flew towards the Soviet Russia as a part of escape plan. It also discussed the Bhagwanji angle. This conclusion was arrived after going through all relevant records - including detailed and classified testimonies of dead eyewitnesses - and also examining those who could render some evidence authoritatively.
Q: INA great Lakshmi Sehgal told commission that Bose died in an air crash. What more evidence do you need!
A: It is on record that Mrs Sehgal committed perjury. In countries like the US, she would have been in big trouble. When she told the commission that Netaji had died in an air crash, she was lying through her teeth. Because her personal view had earlier been captured on camera and it was quite the opposite. She believed in Russian angle and took a pot shot at Nehru. This is a matter of record and Mrs Sehgal cannot challenge it. We admired her all our lives, but she let us down.
Q: And then the UPA government rejected the Commission's report when it came out in 2005.
A: That was politically motivated. Because the government counsel before the commission continuously repeated the above official stand and, in fact, argued against the old official theory at the time of argument which took place when Manmohan Singh's government was in place. You cannot tell the commission that you don't buy the crash theory and insist that the same crash theory is cardinal truth after the commission has upheld that the crash theory is false. A government cannont change stance like that. A top legal eagle can put them in serious trouble.
If you recall, the same UPA government had rejected the report of Nanavati Commission into November 1984 riots where thugs claiming allegiance to Congress party had butchered thousands of innocents in Delhi and elsewhere. But after some spirited public protests, the government accepted the same Nanavati report.
Q: You seem to be suggesting that Congress has something against Bose!
A: Is it a classified piece of information? Who doesn't know that Bose was humiliated and ousted from Congress?
Q: OK. What did Mukherjee report say about Bhagwanji or Faizabad angle. I saw on TV that it was actually dismissed.
A: It was not exactly a rejection if you read in between the lines. The commission report said that "in absence of any clinching evidence" it was not accepting this angle. That is there was some evidence, but not enough. It further said that there are other formidable facts and circumstances on record which stand in the way of this Commission in arriving at a conclusive finding that Bhagwanji/Gumnami Baba was none other than Netaji".
Q: Hang on. This Bhagwanji angle, for argument's sake, doesn't square up with the Russian angle. Isn't the commission's report suggesting that Netaji escape toward the USSR after a fake news of his death was circulated by his Japanese benefactors?
A: Yes, the commission report says that. But once you start taking Bhagwanji angle seriously -- on account of some legally admissible evidence - you have got to pay some attention to what all he said. It is very strange that a man who on the face of was a poor ascetic often talked about his harrowing experiences in Siberian concentration camps. Also how he and his friends created a "concocted" story of air crash.
Q: What about legally admissible evidence?
A: The handwritings of Bhagwanji -- both in English and Bengali -- match with that of Bose. In fact this is the only direct and legally admissible evidence that Netaji was alive after 1945 -- and indeed upto 1985.
The numerous witness accounts would have tilted the scale in favour of this angle had the senior followers of Bhagwanji, who knew Bose for decades, were alive now. The prominent of them was Leela Roy, who knew Bose right from 1920s, was a notable freedom fighter and political leader. In fact her portrait was put up in Parliament in the presence of Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh recently. Surely a person of such eminence and stature must be taken most seriously when her writings, correspondence and statement to near and dear ones make it very clear that she took Bhagwanji to be Bose. None of Bhagwanji's top associates with formidable Netaji connections ever talked about his in their life times as they were told to keep things secret.
Q: The commission report also says that as per government expert the handwritings did not match.
A: It is our mortification to say that our own Government is a most unreliable entity when it comes to Subhas Bose. But, let's get fact straight about handwriting tests.
Three handwriting experts checked Bhagwanji's handwriting. The first among them was B Lal, a former Chief Examiner of Questioned Documents - the highest post for a handwriting expert in government. B Lal is a legendary figure in the field and one of the best. That's why he was initially approached by then Hindustan Times journalist Anuj Dhar, now with Mission Netaji. After B Lal gave a positive report, he was hired by the Mukherjee Commission and made available a large number of samples from both sides. B Lal gave a descriptive, first rate report backed by loads of exhibits. He duly appeared before the Commission when summoned and made his case brilliantly.
The other two reports were given by then Chief Examiner of Questioned Documents and state government expert. A look at the state government expert's report would convince anyone of its fraudulent nature. While giving report, a handwriting expert is supposed to state reasons [as B Lal did] for the conclusions.
The central government report gave some reasons as their report first admitted that there were similarities in the handwriting and then changed tack in the end. That they were not sure of their ground was clear from the fact that they did not appear before the commission in Delhi where their former boss B Lal was also present at the time of hearing. Though located in Shimla, they chose to go all the way to Calcutta to depose.
Q: You see, there was a DNA test on Bhagwanji's teeth and it was negative.
A: There were two different DNA tests performed on some teeth presumed to be of Bhagwanji. While the Hyderabad lab gave an inconclusive report, the CFSL Kolkata report was negative. It is to be noted that for some reason the expert who supervised the DNA tests was not willing to appear before commission. He did so only after repeated summons.
It must be stressed here that Mukherjee Commission report criticized government of India for not cooperating with it. In fact the report said that certain actions/inactions of the government "put a spoke in the wheel of this inquiry".
It is also a matter of record that…
* Government of India has from the start shown no interest in resolving this matter.
* All the inquiries had to be constituted due to public pressure
* Government continues to withhold several secret files on Bose's death
* Government has destroyed or hushed up evidence on the matter
* Their intentions is not to resolve the issue but to cover it up
In this context, any impartial person will draw a conclusion that with such mala fide intentions, the government's and its agencies' views cannot be relied upon. All the negative handwriting and DNA reports that have come through government agencies will not cut ice with anyone who knows the ABCD of the case which tells one to not to trust the government. We have seen recently how in government labs have bungled in cases involving ordinary people. So, what is the guarantee is that same is not the case with this matter - which has great political implications?
Q: If Bhagwanji was Subhas Bose why did he not come out? How is that such a man remain in hiding in India for such a long time and no one knew?
A: Let's be clear about one thing. If Bhagwanji was indeed Bose, as the evidence indicate, the government at higher level knew about it. There are enough indications for that and moment the people of India began asking questions, the answers will tumble out. Bhagwanji said things those - if they were true - will change our modern history.
As to why Bhagwanji did not come out - it is complicated question. Sometime there are no snappy answers to questions. Bhagwanji was asked several times why he was not going public. His standard answer would be: My coming out will not serve national interest. It would seem that circumstances and his post-death activities had put him into some sort of spot. He talked about his having been branded, with the connivance of Government of India, and international war criminal and his playing some hidden role in world politics all of which put together made him spent years within the confines of four walls - from where he would regularly escape to do things he said people could not imagine.
Q: I am not satisfied with this answer!
A: Do you think we are happy the way things are? We also have limited knowledge. That’s why we are looking for answers. The fact is -- here a case where a number of journalists -- Ashok Tandon, Nirmal Nibedan, Kausar Hussain, V N Arora and Anuj Dhar -- and a handwriting expert of repute and now a former Supreme Court judge have reached a certain conclusion. This fact should make us to shake off the thinking that just because Bhagwanji angle is unbelievable, it cannot be true. We must get to the truth of the matter -- whatever it is. There are people who are saying that he was an imposter, set up by some government agency to divert public attention from the Russian angle. Let us factor in every possibility. If Bhagwanji was an imposter [we find no evidence for that], let it be exposed so that those behind can be unmasked. This cannot be done with endlessly arguing over what one believes in or not, but by taking steps to resolve the matter.
Q: What are the steps?
A: We must tell our government to release to public all information -- specially those held by the intelligence agencies -- on the issue of Subhas Bose's so-called and death and his remaining alive.
We must tell our government to make head of government level approach to Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, Japan, China and the United States to obtain all the information they are holding on Bose.
Bhagwanji angle must be probed further.
Q: Finally, what do we make of Justice Mukherjee’s off the record remark? Why could he not have said something like that in his report? Please elaborate.
A: Justice Mukherjee’s off the record assertion might not have any legal implication, but it certainly raises myriad questions. The natural question that follows is why Justice Mukherjee did not say this in his report despite such absolute certainty? What could have stopped him? Going by his report, the reason for his rejecting the possibility of Bhagwanji being Bose was absence of any “clinching evidence”. Then how does one justify his certainty despite the absence of such clinching evidence?
The answer could lie in the evidence that was produced to him and also in the way the evidence was treated by him. To be able to make sense of his conviction, it is therefore important to understand the nature of the evidence that was produced and the way he treated it.
The two major categories of evidence which was produced were individual witness accounts and the personal belongings of Bhagwanji, which included over 2,600 numerous items -- books, letters, gold watch, Bose’s family photographs, etc. Among the belongings were also found by the commission a few teeth kept in a match box. They were said to be of Bhagwanji’s. The letters were sent for handwriting analysis and the teeth were sent for DNA analysis. This line of investigation – that is, to see whether forensic evidence corroborates witness accounts – can hardly be flawed. Yet another factor was the kind of people who wrote letters to Bhagwanji. There were letters from Prafulla Ghosh (the first chief minister of West Bengal), M S Golwalkar (the RSS chief and leader of the likes of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and L K Advani), Leela Roy (a firebrand revolutionary and close associate of Bose from the 1920s), Pabitra Mohan Roy (former intelligence officer in the INA) and many others – some of whom lived to tell the commission what they saw.
Justice Mukherjee’s observation on this part of the evidence is revealing:
Apparently, there is no reason for not acting or relying upon the evidence of [those] who had seen Netaji before 1945 and also met Bhagwanji/Gunmami Baba face to face on a number of occasions.
…there are other formidable facts and circumstances on record which stand in the way of this Commission in arriving at a conclusive finding that Bhagwanji / Gumnami Baba was none other than Netaji.
These “other formidable facts” and circumstances were reports of the handwriting analysis and the DNA analysis. While the report from B Lal, former Chief Examiner of Questioned Documents, and one of the foremost experts in this field, showed clearly in his analysis that the handwritings matched, the Office of the Government Examiner of Questioned Documents and Forensic Science Laboratory, Government of West Bengal, Kolkata gave the opposite opinion, but without providing any reasoned analysis. The result of the DNA analysis done by CFSL, Kolkata was also negative. The other inconclusive DNA test report from Hyderabad was considered by the commission because it offered no opinion.
Thus, this issue was not rejected summarily by Justice Mukherjee, but he could not accept the hypothesis as majority evidence from the forensic examination did not support it. It is however important to recall that reasonable doubt have been cast on the reports of the government labs. There have been allegations of improper examination.
Now that Justice Mukherjee has given his personal view, these raise further questions on the veracity of the forensic evidences that came from the government institutions. This is a serious issue which should not be allowed to be brushed under the carpet. In fact, while the commission inquiry was on, charges were made that the finding DNA test report was leaked to a newspaper hostile toward the matter even though the entire process was to remain secret till the Commission had made it public. It was also reported that commission officials were told over the phone that the DNA had matched, but when the report came, it was not the case. Therefore, the entire story of negative DNA and handwriting reports from government’s side cannot be taken as gospel truth. Rather, they came from those who have obstructed justice in this matter for a long time.
It is also apposite to recall the other obstacles created towards smooth functioning of the commission — not providing crucial documents, destruction of files, not seeking high level assistance from Russia and the US governments. These are serious lapses by any criterion.
Thus, Justice Mukherjee’s revelation now provides the biggest reason for re-opening the investigation. Any sensible government would get the message. Whether a prejudiced Indian government would, is another matter altogether. It has been consistently apathetic to one of the greatest sons of India.